An Overview of ZigBee Networks

A guide to the Zigbee standard for implementers and security testers
Smart energy

ZigBee is a standard for low-power Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs), which is to say wireless networks with a short range, typically 10-100 meters.

ZigBee is commonly used for wireless control and monitoring applications such as wireless sensor networks (WSNs), industrial plant monitoring, building control, hospitals, smart metering and home automation.

Produced by the MWR Operational Technology Security practice, this useful whitepaper covers the following:

1. What is ZigBee?

2. How Does ZigBee Operate?

  • The ZigBee Stack
  • ZigBee Node Types
  • ZigBee Network Topology
  • Addressing and Identity in a ZigBee Network
  • How ZigBee Messages Propagate
  • Encryption, Integrity and Authentication

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MWR is an accredited member of The Cyber Security Incident Response Scheme (CSIR) approved by CREST (Council of Registered Ethical Security Testers).
MWR is certified under the Cyber Incident Response (CIR) scheme to deal with sophisticated targeted attacks against networks of national significance.
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We are members of the Council of Registered Ethical Security Testers (CREST), an organisation serving the needs of the information security sector.
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As members of CHECK we are measured against high standards set by NCSC for the services we provide to Her Majesty's Government.
MWR’s consultants hold Certified Simulated Attack Manager (CCSAM) and Certified Simulated Attack Specialist (CCSAS) qualifications and are authorized by CREST to perform STAR penetration testing services.